Thursday, 21 June, 2018

Scientists find new solar systems with planets the same size as ours

Indian scientists discover planet 600 light years away from Earth Representative image | Pixabay
Velma Reese | 12 June, 2018, 03:01

Christened the EPIC 211945201b, the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad not only found a new planet in the deep recesses of space but was also able to measure its mass. This announcement was done by the Indian Research Space Organisation (ISRO) on June 8, 2018. This planet has been discovered by using the advance radical velocity Abu-sky search technology of PRL. The detection also adds to a sparse catalogue of 22 other confirmed exoplanet systems that have a mass and radius in this range, ISRO said. It is located in the constellation of the Sextant at 50 parsecs from the Sun (at about 160 light years).

Importantly, this discovery could help scientists understand how these types of planets form so close to their host star. Now, India has joined the group of countries that have discovered planets around stars.

In the second system the main star is a red dwarf with an effective temperature of 3800 Kelvin. The host star is named EPIC 211945201 or K2-236. The surface temperature of the planet was recorded around 600 degree Celsius due to its close proximity to the host star.

Rudy Giuliani Bashes Credibility of Stormy Daniels, Says She Has 'No Reputation'
The president should have known that "Mr one-state strategy Giuliani" is prone to gaffes. The text is presumably a reference to first lady Melania Trump .

In a discovery by NASA, it was said that the NASA's Kepler satellite has discovered three Earth-like planets has been found. The scientists estimate that over 60% of its mass could be made up of heavy elements like ice, silicates and iron. This is the first of its kind spectrograph in the country, which can measure the mass of a planet moving around a star. Additionally, Kepler has revealed the existence of another 2,245 planets.

On the other hand, only a few such accurate and powerful spectrographs exist around the world, the majority of which being in the U.S. and Europe. This planet revolves around a Sun-like start in its solar system. With that in mind, it makes sense for scientists to begin looking elsewhere for potentially habitable worlds, and they've already discovered some great candidates. And thus, the 1.2m telescope, PARAS, was put to use from the Gurushikhar Observatory in Mount Abu, Rajasthan.

The planets are a close match to Earth in size, but they're positioned much, much closer to their star than Earth is to the Sun.

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