Google Doodle honors biochemist Har Gobind Khorana
Google Doodle honors biochemist Har Gobind Khorana
Google Doodle Honors Indian American Biochemist Har Gobind Khorana
09 January, 2018, 08:40
Born in a small village in Raipur, Dr. Khorana's father taught him how to read and write.
Khorana is known as a scientist who revolutionised biochemistry with his pioneering work in DNA chemistry. His passion for science started when he was a young boy. He lived in India until 1945 when he was awarded a Government of India Fellowship, which allowed him to travel to the United Kingdom and study for a Ph.D at the University of Liverpool.
Khorana conducted research at universities in England, Switzerland, and Canada, and it was at the University of Wisconsin that he and two fellow researchers received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968, the Google doodle website said. He was also associated with the lead research institutes. There are four types of nucleotides in DNA and RNA, and the order in which they are placed determines the structure of the double helix - the shape that makes up each of our DNA molecules. After Marshall Nirenberg's discovery of the first phase of the genetic code, Dr. Khorana made his second scientific breakthrough with the construction of the first synthetic gene. Khorana also became an expert on the chemical synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out the functions of a living cell.
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Khorana was honoured with several awards in his lifetime including the National Medal of Science.
The pioneering Indian American biochemist died of natural causes in Concord, Massachusetts on November 9, 2011.
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