Понедельник, 28 Мая, 2018

Oral sex 'producing untreatable gonorrhoea — ALERT

The World Health Organisation headquarters are 'Superbug gonorrhea' emerging, WHO warns
Marlene Weaver | 07 Июля, 2017, 13:33

Gonorrhoea can infect the genitals, rectum, and throat.

That means condoms for penis-related things, dental dams for vagina and anus related things.

The WHO Global Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (WHO GASP), monitors trends in drug-resistant gonorrhoea.

In 2016, the organization began advising doctors to switch to a two-drug combination: ceftriaxone and azithromycin after more than 50 countries reported that ESCs were no longer effective in some cases.

In the U.S., the CDC recommends a two-drug regimen - ceftriaxone and azithromycin - for treating gonorrhea.

Creating new gonorrhoea drugs is not economically attractive for pharmaceutical companies-the treatments are taken for a short period of time, unlike chronic medicines, and the drug range must be continuously expanded as resistance develops.

We need to have new drugs or new development of drugs.

As a result, the agency previous year updated its treatment recommendations, urging doctors to use two antibiotics combined: ceftriaxone and azithromycin. One of GARDP's key priorities is the development of new antibiotic treatments for gonorrhoea.

Dr Manica Balasegaram of the WHO's Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) observes: "We urgently need to seize the opportunities we have with existing drugs and candidates in the pipeline".

"The R & D (research and development) pipeline for gonorrhoea is relatively empty, with only three new candidate drugs in various stages of clinical development", said the agency.

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In its latest report, the World Health Organization said that if someone is detected with gonorrhea, the patient will find it hard to eradicate the disease.

A decline in condom use, which had soared because of fears of HIV/Aids, is thought to help the infection spread. Information, education, and communication can promote and enable safer sex practices, improve people's ability to recognize the symptoms of gonorrhoea and other sexually transmitted infections, and increase the likelihood they will seek care.

The WHO added: "Today, lack of public awareness, lack of training of health workers, and stigma around sexually transmitted infections remain barriers to greater and more effective use of these interventions".

One of the problems in diagnosing gonorrhoea is that there is no affordable, rapid diagnostic test for the infection.

At least three people worldwide are infected with the untreatable superbug strain.

Meanwhile, when patients do have symptoms, doctors often assume it is gonorrhoea and prescribe antibiotics, even though patients may be suffering from something else. Also, antibiotics may lead to bacteria at the back of the throat developing resistance.

Oral sex and the lack of use of protection is developing antibiotics resistant bacteria that is spreading gonorrhea, the World Health Organisation said.

The disease is also common between gay men.

The findings will be presented at the STI & HIV World Congress in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil that runs from July 9-12.

Scientists have always been warning of a future without working antibiotics, a world in which people die from diseases easily treatable today.

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